Australian Curriculum Map: Years 5 & 6

Learning Areas / Health and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community HealthCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Being healthy, safe and activeExamine how identities are influenced by people and places
Investigate resources and strategies to manage changes and transitions associated with puberty
Investigate community resources and ways to seek help about health, safety and wellbeing
Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing
Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeingPractise skills to establish and manage relationships
Examine the influence of emotional responses on behaviour and relationships
Recognise how media and important people in the community influence personal attitudes, beliefs, decisions and behaviours
Contributing to healthy and active communitiesInvestigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities
Explore how participation in outdoor activities supports personal and community health and wellbeing and creates connections to natural and built environments
Identify how valuing diversity positively influences the wellbeing of the community

Learning Areas / Humanities and Social Sciences / HASS / Inquiry and skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
QuestioningDevelop appropriate questions to guide an inquiry about people, events, developments, places, systems and challenges
Develop appropriate questions to guide an inquiry about people, events, developments, places, systems and challenges
ResearchingLocate and collect relevant information and data from primary and secondary sources
Organise and represent data in a range of formats including tables, graphs and large- and small-scale maps, using discipline-appropriate conventions
Sequence information about people’s lives, events, developments and phenomena using a variety of methods including timelines
Locate and collect relevant information and data from primary and secondary sources
Organise and represent data in a range of formats including tables, graphs and large- and small-scale maps, using discipline-appropriate conventions
Sequence information about people’s lives, events, developments and phenomena using a variety of methods including timelines
AnalysingExamine primary and secondary sources to determine their origin and purpose
Examine different viewpoints on actions, events, issues and phenomena in the past and present
Interpret data and information displayed in a range of formats to identify, describe and compare distributions, patterns and trends, and to infer relationships
Examine primary and secondary sources to determine their origin and purpose
Examine different viewpoints on actions, events, issues and phenomena in the past and present
Interpret data and information displayed in a range of formats to identify, describe and compare distributions, patterns and trends, and to infer relationships
Evaluating and reflectingEvaluate evidence to draw conclusions
Work in groups to generate responses to issues and challenges
Use criteria to make decisions and judgements and consider advantages and disadvantages of preferring one decision over others
Reflect on learning to propose personal and/or collective action in response to an issue or challenge, and predict the probable effects
Evaluate evidence to draw conclusions
Work in groups to generate responses to issues and challenges
Use criteria to make decisions and judgements and consider advantages and disadvantages of preferring one decision over others
Reflect on learning to propose personal and/or collective action in response to an issue or challenge, and predict the probable effects
CommunicatingPresent ideas, findings, viewpoints and conclusions in a range of texts and modes that incorporate source materials, digital and non-digital representations and discipline-specific terms and conventions
Present ideas, findings, viewpoints and conclusions in a range of texts and modes that incorporate source materials, digital and non-digital representations and discipline-specific terms and conventions

Learning Areas / Humanities and Social Sciences / HASS / Knowledge and UnderstandingCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
HistoryReasons (economic, political and social) for the establishment of British colonies in Australia after 1800
The nature of convict or colonial presence, including the factors that influenced patterns of development, aspects of the daily life of the inhabitants (including Aboriginal Peoples and Torres Strait Islander Peoples) and how the environment changed
The impact of a significant development or event on an Australian colony
The reasons people migrated to Australia and the experiences and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony
The role that a significant individual or group played in shaping a colony
Key figures, events and ideas that led to Australia’s Federation and Constitution
Experiences of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, migrants, women and children
Stories of groups of people who migrated to Australia since Federation (including from ONE country of the Asia region) and reasons they migrated
The contribution of individuals and groups to the development of Australian society since Federation
GeographyThe influence of people on the environmental characteristics of places in Europe and North America and the location of their major countries in relation to Australia
The influence of people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, on the environmental characteristics of Australian places
The environmental and human influences on the location and characteristics of a place and the management of spaces within them
The impact of bushfires or floods on environments and communities, and how people can respond
The geographical diversity of the Asia region and the location of its major countries in relation to Australia
Differences in the economic, demographic and social characteristics of countries across the world
The world’s cultural diversity, including that of its indigenous peoples
Australia’s connections with other countries and how these change people and places
Civics and citizenshipThe key values that underpin Australia’s democracy
The key features of the electoral process in Australia
Why regulations and laws are enforced and the personnel involved
How people with shared beliefs and values work together to achieve a civic goal
The key institutions of Australia’s democratic system of government and how it is based on the Westminster system
The roles and responsibilities of Australia’s three levels of government
The responsibilities of electors and representatives in Australia’s democracy
Where ideas for new laws can come from and how they become law
The shared values of Australian citizenship and the formal rights and responsibilities of Australian citizens
The obligations citizens may consider they have beyond their own national borders as active and informed global citizens
Economics and businessThe difference between needs and wants and why choices need to be made about how limited resources are used
Types of resources (natural, human, capital) and the ways societies use them to satisfy the needs and wants of present and future generations
Influences on consumer choices and methods that can be used to help make informed personal consumer and financial choices
How the concept of opportunity cost involves choices about the alternative use of resources and the need to consider trade-offs
The effect that consumer and financial decisions can have on the individual, the broader community and the environment
The reasons businesses exist and the different ways they provide goods and services

Learning Areas / Technologies / Design and TechnologiesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Design and Technologies Knowledge and UnderstandingExamine how people in design and technologies occupations address competing considerations, including sustainability in the design of products, services, and environments for current and future use
Investigate how electrical energy can control movement, sound or light in a designed product or system
Investigate how and why food and fibre are produced in managed environments and prepared to enable people to grow and be healthy
Investigate characteristics and properties of a range of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment and evaluate the impact of their use
Design and Technologies Processes and Production SkillsCritique needs or opportunities for designing, and investigate materials, components, tools, equipment and processes to achieve intended designed solutions
Generate, develop and communicate design ideas and processes for audiences using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques
Select appropriate materials, components, tools, equipment and techniques and apply safe procedures to make designed solutions
Negotiate criteria for success that include sustainability to evaluate design ideas, processes and solutions
Develop project plans that include consideration of resources when making designed solutions individually and collaboratively

Learning Areas / Science / Science UnderstandingCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Biological sciencesLiving things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment
The growth and survival of living things are affected by physical conditions of their environment
Chemical sciencesSolids, liquids and gases have different observable properties and behave in different ways
Changes to materials can be reversible or irreversible
Earth and space sciencesThe Earth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the sun)
Sudden geological changes and extreme weather events can affect Earth’s surface
Physical sciencesLight from a source forms shadows and can be absorbed, reflected and refracted
Electrical energy can be transferred and transformed in electrical circuits and can be generated from a range of sources

Learning Areas / Science / Science as a Human EndeavourCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Nature and development of scienceScience involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions
Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions
Use and influence of scienceScientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions

Learning Areas / Science / Science Inquiry SkillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Questioning and predictingWith guidance, pose clarifying questions and make predictions about scientific investigations
With guidance, pose clarifying questions and make predictions about scientific investigations
Planning and conductingIdentify, plan and apply the elements of scientific investigations to answer questions and solve problems using equipment and materials safely and identifying potential risks
Decide variables to be changed and measured in fair tests, and observe measure and record data with accuracy using digital technologies as appropriate
Identify, plan and apply the elements of scientific investigations to answer questions and solve problems using equipment and materials safely and identifying potential risks
Decide variables to be changed and measured in fair tests, and observe measure and record data with accuracy using digital technologies as appropriate
Processing and analysing data and informationConstruct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data using digital technologies as appropriate
Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations
Construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data using digital technologies as appropriate
Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations
CommunicatingCommunicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts
Communicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts
EvaluatingReflect on and suggest improvements to scientific investigations
Reflect on and suggest improvements to scientific investigations

General Capabilities / Critical and Creative Thinking / Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideasCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Pose questionspose questions to clarify and interpret information and probe for causes and consequences
Identify and clarify information and ideasidentify and clarify relevant information and prioritise ideas
Organise and process informationanalyse, condense and combine relevant information from multiple sources

General Capabilities / Critical and Creative Thinking / Generating ideas, possibilities and actionsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Imagine possibilities and connect ideascombine ideas in a variety of ways and from a range of sources to create new possibilities
Consider alternativesidentify situations where current approaches do not work, challenge existing ideas and generate alternative solutions
Seek solutions and put ideas into actionassess and test options to identify the most effective solution and to put ideas into action

General Capabilities / Critical and Creative Thinking / Reflecting on thinking and processesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Think about thinking (metacognition)reflect on assumptions made, consider reasonable criticism and adjust their thinking if necessary
Reflect on processesidentify and justify the thinking behind choices they have made
Transfer knowledge into new contextsapply knowledge gained from one context to another unrelated context and identify new meaning

General Capabilities / Critical and Creative Thinking / Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and proceduresCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Apply logic and reasoningassess whether there is adequate reasoning and evidence to justify a claim, conclusion or outcome
Draw conclusions and design a course of actionscrutinise ideas or concepts, test conclusions and modify actions when designing a course of action
Evaluate procedures and outcomesevaluate the effectiveness of ideas, products, performances, methods and courses of action against given criteria

General Capabilities / Personal and Social Capability / Self-awarenessCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Recognise emotionsexplain how the appropriateness of emotional responses influences behaviour
Recognise personal qualities and achievementsdescribe the influence that personal qualities and strengths have on their learning outcomes
Understand themselves as learnersidentify preferred learning styles and work habits
Develop reflective practicemonitor their progress, seeking and responding to feedback from teachers to assist them in consolidating strengths, addressing weaknesses and fulfilling their potential

General Capabilities / Personal and Social Capability / Self-managementCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Express emotions appropriatelyexplain the influence of emotions on behaviour, learning and relationships
Develop self-discipline and set goalsanalyse factors that influence ability to self-regulate; devise and apply strategies to monitor own behaviour and set realistic learning goals
Work independently and show initiativeassess the value of working independently, and taking initiative to do so where appropriate
Become confident, resilient and adaptabledevise strategies and formulate plans to assist in the completion of challenging tasks and the maintenance of personal safety

General Capabilities / Personal and Social Capability / Social awarenessCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Appreciate diverse perspectivesexplain how means of communication differ within and between communities and identify the role these play in helping or hindering understanding of others
Contribute to civil societyidentify a community need or problem and consider ways to take action to address it

General Capabilities / Personal and Social Capability / Social managementCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Communicate effectivelyidentify and explain factors that influence effective communication in a variety of situations
Work collaborativelycontribute to groups and teams, suggesting improvements in methods used for group investigations and projects
Make decisionsidentify factors that influence decision making and consider the usefulness of these in making their own decisions
Negotiate and resolve conflictidentify causes and effects of conflict, and practise different strategies to diffuse or resolve conflict situations
Develop leadership skillsinitiate or help to organise group activities that address a common need

General Capabilities / Ethical Understanding / Understanding ethical concepts and issuesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Recognise ethical conceptsexamine and explain ethical concepts such as truth and justice that contribute to the achievement of a particular outcome
Explore ethical concepts in contextexplain what constitutes an ethically better or worse outcome and how it might be accomplished

General Capabilities / Ethical Understanding / Reasoning in decision making and actionsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Reason and make ethical decisionsexplore the reasons behind there being a variety of ethical positions on a social issue
Consider consequencesevaluate the consequences of actions in familiar and hypothetical scenarios
Reflect on ethical actionarticulate a range of ethical responses to situations in various social contexts

General Capabilities / Ethical Understanding / Exploring values, rights and responsibilitiesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Examine valuesexamine values accepted and enacted within various communities
Explore rights and responsibilitiesmonitor consistency between rights and responsibilities when interacting face-to-face or through social media
Consider points of viewexplain a range of possible interpretations and points of view when thinking about ethical dilemmas

General Capabilities / Intercultural Understanding / Recognising culture and developing respectCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Investigate culture and cultural identityidentify and describe the roles that culture and language play in shaping group and national identities
Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practicesdescribe and compare the knowledge, beliefs and practices of various cultural groups in relation to a specific time, event or custom
Develop respect for cultural diversitydiscuss opportunities that cultural diversity offers within Australia and the Asia-Pacific region

General Capabilities / Intercultural Understanding / Interacting and empathising with othersCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Communicate across culturesidentify factors that contribute to understanding in intercultural communication and discuss some strategies to avoid misunderstanding
Consider and develop multiple perspectivesexplain perspectives that differ to expand their understanding of an issue
Empathise with othersimagine and describe the situations of others in local, national and global contexts

General Capabilities / Intercultural Understanding / Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibilityCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Reflect on intercultural experiencesexplain what and how they have learnt from a wide range of intercultural interactions and experiences
Challenge stereotypes and prejudicesexplain the impact of stereotypes and prejudices on individuals and groups within Australia
Mediate cultural differencediscuss ways of reconciling differing cultural values and perspectives in addressing common concerns

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