Victorian Curriculum Map: Years 5 & 6

Learning Areas / Health and Physical EducationCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Personal, Social and Community HealthInvestigate how celebrating similarities and differences can strengthen communities
Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities
Explore how participation in outdoor activities supports personal and community health and wellbeing and creates connections to the natural and built environment
Examine the influence of emotional responses on behaviour, relationships and health and wellbeing
Recognise how media and important people in the community influence personal attitudes, beliefs, decisions and behaviours
Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing
Practise skills to establish and manage relationships
Explore how identities are influenced by people and places
Investigate resources to manage changes and transitions associated with puberty
Investigate community resources and strategies to seek help about health, safety and wellbeing

Learning Areas / The Humanities / Civics and CitizenshipCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Government and DemocracyIdentify the roles and responsibilities of electors and representatives in Australia's democracy
Identify and discuss the key features of the Australian electoral process
Describe the roles and responsibilities of the three levels of government, including shared roles and responsibilities within Australia's federal system
Discuss the values, principles and institutions that underpin Australia’s democratic forms of government and explain how this system is influenced by the Westminster system
Laws and CitizensExplain how and why laws are enforced and describe the roles and responsibilities of key personnel in law enforcement, and in the legal system
Explain how state/territory and federal laws are initiated and passed through parliament
Citizenship, Diversity and IdentityExamine the concept of global citizenship
Identify different points of view on a contemporary issue relating to democracy and citizenship
Investigate how people with shared beliefs and values work together to achieve their goals and plan for action
Identify who can be an Australian citizen and describe the rights, responsibilities and shared values of Australian citizenship and explore ways citizens can participate in society

Learning Areas / The Humanities / Economics and BusinessCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Resource Allocation and Making ChoicesIdentify types of resources (natural, human, capital) and explore the ways societies use them in order to satisfy the needs and wants of present and future generations
Explore the concept of opportunity cost and explain how it involves choices about the alternative use of limited resources and the need to consider trade-offs
Describe the difference between needs and wants and explain why choices need to be made
Consumer and Financial LiteracyConsider the effect that the consumer and financial decisions of individuals may have on themselves, their family, the broader community and the natural, economic and business environment
Identify influences on consumer choices and explore strategies that can be used to help make informed personal consumer and financial choices
The Business EnvironmentIdentify the reasons businesses exist and investigate the different ways they produce and distribute goods and services
Work and Work FuturesExplore the nature and meaning of work and why individuals choose to participate in work
Investigate the influences on the ways people work and explore factors affecting work now and into the future
Enterprising Behaviours and CapabilitiesInvestigate the nature and explain the importance of enterprising behaviours and capabilities
Economic and Business Reasoning and InterpretationMake decisions, identify appropriate actions by considering the advantages and disadvantages, and form conclusions concerning an economics or business issue or event

Learning Areas / The Humanities / GeographyCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Geographical Concepts and SkillsInterpret maps and other geographical data and information using digital and spatial technologies as appropriate, to develop identifications, descriptions, explanations and conclusions that use geographical terminology
Represent the location of places and other types of geographical data and information in different forms including diagrams, field sketches and large-scale and small-scale maps that conform to cartographic conventions of border, scale, legend, title, north point and source; using digital and spatial technologies as appropriate
Collect and record relevant geographical data and information from the field and secondary sources, using ethical protocols
Describe and explain interconnections within places and between places, and the effects of these interconnections
Identify and describe locations and describe and explain spatial distributions and patterns
Describe and explain the diverse characteristics of places in different locations from local to global scales
Geographical KnowledgeAustralia’s connections with other countries and how these change people and places
Factors that influence people’s awareness and opinion of places
Impacts of bushfires or floods on environments and communities, and how people can respond
Environmental and human influences on the location and characteristics of places and the management of spaces within them
Differences in the demographic, economic, social and cultural characteristics of countries across the world
Influence of people, including the influence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, on the environmental characteristics of Australian places
Location of the major countries of the Asian region in relation to Australia and the geographical diversity within the region
Location of the major countries of Europe and North America, in relation to Australia and their major characteristics including the influence of people on the environmental characteristics of places in at least two countries from both continents

Learning Areas / The Humanities / HistoryCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Historical Concepts and SkillsExplain the significance of an event and an individual or group that influenced change in the Australian colonies and in Australian society since Federation
Explain the causes of significant events that shaped the Australian colonies, contributed to Australian Federation and the effects of these on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and migrants
Identify and describe patterns of continuity and change in daily life for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, ‘native born’ and migrants in the Australian colonies
Describe perspectives and identify ideas, beliefs and values of people and groups in the past
Identify the origin, content features and the purpose of historical sources and describe the context of these sources when explaining daily life in colonial Australia, reasons for migration and causes and effects of Federation
Sequence significant events and lifetimes of people in chronological order to create a narrative to explain the developments in Australia’s colonial past and the causes and effects of Federation on its people
Historical KnowledgeSignificant contributions of individuals and groups, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and migrants, to changing Australian society
The stories and perspectives of people who migrated to Australia, including from one Asian country, and the reasons they migrated
The different experiences and perspectives of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, migrants, women, and children
The significance of key figures and events that led to Australia’s Federation, including British and American influences on Australia’s system of law and government
The role that a significant individual or group played in shaping and changing a colony
The causes and the reasons why people migrated to Australia from Europe and Asia, and the perspectives, experiences and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony
The effects of a significant development or event on a colony
The nature of convict or colonial presence, including the factors that influenced changing patterns of development, how the environment changed, and aspects of the daily life of the inhabitants, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples
The social, economic and political causes and reasons for the establishment of British colonies in Australia after 1800

Learning Areas / Technologies / Design and TechnologiesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Technologies and SocietyInvestigate how people in design and technologies occupations address competing considerations, including sustainability, in the design of solutions for current and future use
Technologies ContextsInvestigate characteristics and properties of a range of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment and evaluate the impact of their use
Investigate how and why food and fibre are produced in managed environments
Investigate the role of food preparation in maintaining good health and the importance of food safety and hygiene
Investigate how forces or electrical energy can control movement, sound or light in a designed product or system
Creating Designed SolutionsDevelop project plans that include consideration of resources when making designed solutions
Negotiate criteria for success that include consideration of environmental and social sustainability to evaluate design ideas, processes and solutions
Apply safe procedures when using a variety of materials, components, tools, equipment and techniques to produce designed solutions
Generate, develop, communicate and document design ideas and processes for audiences using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques
Critique needs or opportunities for designing, and investigate materials, components, tools, equipment and processes to achieve intended designed solutions

Capabilities / Critical and Creative ThinkingCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Questions and PossibilitiesExperiment with alternative ideas and actions by setting preconceptions to one side
Identify and form links and patterns from multiple information sources to generate non-routine ideas and possibilities
Examine how different kinds of questions can be used to identify and clarify information, ideas and possibilities
ReasoningExplore what a criterion is, different kinds of criteria, and how to select appropriate criteria for the purposes of filtering information and ideas
Examine the difference between valid and sound arguments and between inductive and deductive reasoning, and their degrees of certainty
Consider the importance of giving reasons and evidence and how the strength of these can be evaluated
Consider when analogies might be used in expressing a point of view and how they should be expressed and evaluated
Investigate common reasoning errors including contradiction and inconsistency, and the influence of context
Meta-CognitionInvestigate how ideas and problems can be disaggregated into smaller elements or ideas, how criteria can be used to identify gaps in existing knowledge, and assess and test ideas and proposals
Investigate thinking processes using visual models and language strategies
Examine learning strategies, including constructing analogies, visualising ideas, summarising and paraphrasing information and reflect on the application of these strategies in different situations

Capabilities / Ethical CapabilityCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Understanding ConceptsExamine how problems may contain more than one ethical issue
Discuss how ethical principles can be used as the basis for action, considering the influence of cultural norms, religion, world views and philosophical thought on these principles
Examine the contested meaning of concepts including truth and happiness and the extent to which these concepts are and should be valued
Decision Making and ActionsDiscuss the role and significance of conscience and reasoning in ethical decision-making
Explore the significance of ‘means versus ends’ by considering two ways to act when presented with a problem: one that privileges means and one ends

Capabilities / Intercultural CapabilityCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Cultural PracticesAnalyse how aspects of their own and others lifestyle, behaviour, attitudes and beliefs can be culturally influenced
Explain how intercultural experiences can influence beliefs and behaviours, including developing a critical perspective on and respect for their own and others cultures
Cultural DiversityExamine and discuss the variety of ways in which people understand and appreciate differing cultural values and perspectives, and the things which promote or inhibit effective engagement with diverse cultural groups
Identify barriers to and means of reaching understandings within and between culturally diverse groups

Capabilities / Personal and Social CapabilityCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Self-Awareness and ManagementDescribe what it means to be confident, adaptable and persistent and why these attributes are important in dealing with new or challenging situations
Identify the skills for working independently and describe their performance when undertaking independent tasks
Reflect on how personal strengths have assisted in achieving success at home, at school or in the community
Explore the links between their emotions and their behaviour
Social Awareness and ManagementDescribe the various causes of conflict and evaluate possible strategies to address conflict
Describe the characteristics of respectful relationships and suggest ways that respectful relationships can be achieved
Identify the characteristics of an effective team and develop descriptions for particular roles including leadership, and describe both their own and their team’s performance when undertaking various roles
Explore and discuss behaviours that demonstrate sensitivity to individual, social and cultural differences
Define and recognise examples of stereotypes, discrimination and prejudice and discuss how they impact on the individual

Learning Areas / Science / Science UnderstandingCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Science as a human endeavourScientific understandings, discoveries and inventions are used to inform personal and community decisions and to solve problems that directly affect people’s lives
Biological sciencesLiving things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment
The growth and survival of living things are affected by the physical conditions of their environment
Chemical sciencesChanges to materials can be reversible, including melting, freezing, evaporating, or irreversible, including burning and rusting
Solids, liquids and gases behave in different ways and have observable properties that help to classify them
Earth and space sciencesEarth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the Sun)
Sudden geological changes or extreme weather conditions can affect Earth’s surface
Physical sciencesEnergy from a variety of sources can be used to generate electricity; electric circuits enable this energy to be transferred to another place and then to be transformed into another form of energy
Light from a source forms shadows and can be absorbed, reflected and refracted

Learning Areas / Science / Science Inquiry SkillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Questioning and predictingWith guidance, pose questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific investigation, and predict what the findings of an investigation might be based on previous experiences or general rules
Planning and conductingDecide which variables should be changed, measured and controlled in fair tests and accurately observe, measure and record data
With guidance, plan appropriate investigation types to answer questions or solve problems and use equipment, technologies and materials safely, identifying potential risks
Recording and processingConstruct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to record, represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data
Analysing and evaluatingCompare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations
Suggest improvements to the methods used to investigate a question or solve a problem
CommunicatingCommunicate ideas and processes using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and to identify simple cause-and-effect relationships

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