WA SCSA Map: Years 5 & 6

Health and Physical Education / Personal, social and community healthCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Being Healthy, Safe And ActiveWays that individuals and groups adapt to different contexts and situations
Changes associated with puberty which vary with individuals: physical, mental, emotional
Reliable sources of information that inform health, safety and wellbeing, such as: internet-based information, community health organisations, publications and other media
Strategies that promote a safe, healthy lifestyle, such as: comparing food labels on products, increased physical activity, practising sun safety
Criteria that can be applied to sources of information to assess their credibility
Ways that individuals and groups adapt to different contexts and situations
Ways that personal identities change over time
Changes associated with puberty which vary with individuals: physical, mental, emotional
Strategies that promote a healthy lifestyle, such as: refusing medicines, tobacco, alcohol or other drugs, improving the nutritional value in meals, increasing physical activity, being safe in an online environment
Communicating And Interacting For Health And Well Beingdealing with bullying and harassment
Ways in which inappropriate emotional responses impact on relationships, such as: loss of trust, fear, loss of respect
Skills to establish and manage positive relationships, such as: showing respect and empathy, being cooperative, actively listening, being trustworthy, accepting differences
Situations in which emotions can influence decision-making: in peer group, with friends, with family, during sporting or physical activities
Contributing To Healthy And Active CommunitiesPreventive health measures that promote and maintain an individual's health, safety and wellbeing, such as: bicycle safety, sun safety
Preventive health measures that can promote and maintain community health, safety and wellbeing, such as: creating social connections for better mental health, meeting physical activity recommendations

Humanities and Social Sciences / Knowledge and understanding / GeographyCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Factors that shape the environmental characteristics of placesThe main characteristics (e.g. climate, natural vegetation, landforms, native animals) of the continents of South America and North America, and the location of their major countries in relation to Australia
The way people alter the environmental characteristics of Australian places (e.g. vegetation clearance, fencing, urban development, drainage, irrigation, farming, forest plantations, mining)
Features of environments (e.g. climate, landforms, vegetation) influence human activities and the built features of places
The impact of bushfires or floods on environments and communities, and how people can respond
A diverse and connected worldThe location of the major countries of the Asia region in relation to Australia and the geographical diversity within the region
Differences in the economic characteristics (e.g. per capita income, energy consumption), demographic characteristics (e.g. population size, density) and social characteristics (e.g. life expectancy, education) of a selection of countries across the world
Australia's connections with countries (e.g. trade, migration, tourism, aid, education, defence, sport) and how these connections change people and places

Humanities and Social Sciences / Knowledge and understanding / HistoryCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
The Australian coloniesThe economic, political and social reasons for establishing British colonies in Australia after 1800 (e.g. the establishment of penal colonies)
The patterns of colonial development and settlement (e.g. geographical features, climate, water resources, transport, discovery of gold) and how this impacted upon the environment (e.g. introduced species) and the daily lives of the different inhabitants (e.g. convicts, free settlers, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples)
The contribution or significance of one individual or group in shaping the Swan River Colony, including their motivations and actions (e.g. groups such as explorers, farmers, pastoralists, convicts or individuals such as James Stirling, John Septimus Roe, Thomas Peel)
The economic, social and political impact of one significant development or event on a colony and the potential outcomes created by 'what if…?' scenarios (e.g. frontier conflict; the gold rushes; the Eureka Stockade; the Pinjarra Massacre; the advent of rail; the expansion of farming; drought)
Australia as a nationKey figures (e.g. Henry Parkes, Edmund Barton, George Reid, John Quick), ideas and events (e.g. the Tenterfield Oration, the Corowa Conference, the referendums) that led to Australia's Federation and Constitution, including British and American influences on Australia's system of law and government (e.g. Magna Carta, federalism, constitutional monarchy, the Westminster system, the Houses of Parliament)
Experiences of Australia's democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples, migrants, women and children
Stories of groups of people who migrated to Australia (including from one Asian country), the reasons they migrated (e.g. push–pull factors) and their contributions to society

Humanities and Social Sciences / Knowledge and understanding / Civics And CitizenshipCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Roles, responsibilities and participationThe key values that underpin Australia's democracy, including freedom, equality, fairness and justice 
The roles and responsibilities of electors (e.g. enrolling to vote, being informed) and representatives (e.g. representing their electorate's interests, participating in the parliamentary process) in Australia's democracy
How regulations and laws affect the lives of citizens (e.g. the different types of laws, how laws protect human rights)
Why people work in groups to achieve their aims and functions, and exercise influence, such as volunteers who work in community groups (e.g. rural fire services, emergency services, youth groups)
The key features of the electoral process in Australia, such as compulsory voting, secret ballot, preferential voting 
The roles and responsibilities of key personnel in law enforcement (e.g. customs officials, police) and in the legal system (e.g. lawyers, judges)
Australia's system of government and citizenshipThe key institutions of Australia's democratic system of government based on the Westminster system, including the monarchy, parliaments and courts
The roles and responsibilities of the three levels of government, including the shared roles and responsibilities within Australia's federal system 
How laws are initiated and passed through the federal parliament
Who can be an Australian citizen, the formal rights and responsibilities, and shared values of Australian citizenship

Humanities and Social Sciences / Knowledge and understanding / Economics And BusinessCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Wants, resources and choicesThe difference between needs and wants, and how they may differ between individuals
Resources can be natural (e.g. oil), human (e.g. workers), or capital(e.g. machinery), and how these are used to make goods and services to satisfy the needs and wants of present and future generations
The factors that influence purchase decisions (e.g. age, gender, advertising, price) and how these decisions affect resource use
Due to scarcity, choices need to be made about how limited resources are used (e.g. using the land to grow crops or to graze cattle)
Strategies for making informed consumer and financial decisions (e.g. budgeting, comparing prices, saving for the future)
Trade-offs and impacts of consumer and financial decisionsChoices about the use of resources result from the imbalance of limited resources and unlimited wants (i.e. the concept of scarcity)
The impact consumer purchasing decisions can have on a family, the broader community (e.g. purchasing from the local growers' market or a supermarket chain) and the environment (e.g. pollution, waste)
Businesses provide goods and services in different ways (e.g. shopping centres, local markets, online stores, small independent stores, remote community stores) to earn revenue 
Decisions about the alternative use of resources result in the need to consider trade-offs (e.g. using the land to grow crops or to graze cattle)

Humanities and Social Sciences / Humanities and Social Sciences skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Questioning And ResearchingIdentify current understandings, consider possible misconceptions and identify personal views on a topic (e.g. KWL chart, concept map)
Develop and refine a range of questions required to plan an inquiry
Locate and collect information and/or data from a range of appropriate primary sources and secondary sources (e.g. museums, media, library catalogues, interviews, internet)
Record selected information and/or data using a variety of methods (e.g. use graphic organisers, paraphrase, summarise)
Use ethical protocols when gathering information and/or data (e.g. acknowledge the work of others, reference work appropriately, obtain permission to use photographs and interviews)
AnalysingUse criteria to determine the relevancy of information (e.g. consider accuracy, reliability, publication date, usefulness to the question)
Interpret information and/or data collected (e.g. sequence events in chronological order, identify cause and effect, make connections with prior knowledge)
Identify different points of view/perspectives in information and/or data (e.g. analyse language, identify motives)
Translate collected information and/or data to a variety of different formats (e.g. create a timeline, draw maps, convert a table of statistics into a graph)
EvaluatingDraw and justify conclusions, and give explanations, based on the information and/or data in texts, tables, graphs and maps (e.g. identify patterns, infer relationships)
Use decision-making processes (e.g. share opinions and personal perspectives, consider different points of view, identify issues, develop possible solutions, plan for action, identify advantages and disadvantages of different options)
Communicating And ReflectingPresent findings, conclusions and/or arguments, appropriate to audience and purpose, in a range of communication forms (e.g. written, oral, visual, digital, tabular, graphic, maps) and using subject-specific terminology and concepts
Develop a variety of texts, including narratives, descriptions, biographies and persuasive texts, based on information collected from source materials
Reflect on learning, identify new understandings and act on findings in different ways (e.g. suggest additional questions to be investigated, propose a course of action on an issue that is significant to them)

Science v8.1 / Science UnderstandingCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Biological SciencesLiving things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment
The growth and survival of living things are affected by physical conditions of their environment
Chemical SciencesSolids, liquids and gases have different observable properties and behave in different ways 
Changes to materials can be reversible or irreversible 
Earth And Space SciencesThe Earth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the sun) 
Sudden geological changes and extreme weather events can affect Earth's surface 
Physical SciencesLight from a source forms shadows and can be absorbed, reflected and refracted 
Electrical energy can be transferred and transformed in electrical circuits and can be generated from a range of sources 

Science v8.1 / Science as a Human EndeavourCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Nature And Development Of ScienceScience involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions 
Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions 
Use And Influence Of ScienceScientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions 
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions 

Science v8.1 / Science Inquiry SkillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Questioning And PredictingWith guidance, pose clarifying questions and make predictions about scientific investigations 
With guidance, pose clarifying questions and make predictions about scientific investigations 
Planning And ConductingIdentify, plan and apply the elements of scientific investigations to answer questions and solve problems using equipment and materials safely and identifying potential risks 
Decide variables to be changed and measured in fair tests, and observe measure and record data with accuracy using digital technologies as appropriate 
Identify, plan and apply the elements of scientific investigations to answer questions and solve problems using equipment and materials safely and identifying potential risks 
Decide variables to be changed and measured in fair tests, and observe measure and record data with accuracy using digital technologies as appropriate 
Processing And Analysing Data And InformationConstruct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data using digital technologies as appropriate 
Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations 
Construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data using digital technologies as appropriate 
Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations 
CommunicatingCommunicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts 
Communicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts 
EvaluatingReflect on and suggest improvements to scientific investigations 
Reflect on and suggest improvements to scientific investigations 

Technologies / Design and Technologies / Knowledge and understandingCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Technologies And SocietyHow people address competing considerations when designing products, services and environments
How people address competing considerations, including sustainability when designingproducts, services and environments for current and future use

Technologies / Design and Technologies / Knowledge and understanding / Technologies ContextsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Engineering principles and systemsForces can control movement, sound or light in a product or system
Electrical energy and forces can control movement, sound or light in a product or system
Materials and technologies specialisationsCharacteristics and properties of a range of materials and components, and the suitability and safe practice of their use
Characteristics, properties and safe practice of a range of materials, systems, tools and equipment; and evaluate the suitability of their use

Technologies / Design and Technologies / Processes and production skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Investigating and definingDefine a problem, and a set of sequenced steps, with users making decisions to create a solution for a given task
DesigningDesign, modify, follow and represent both diagrammatically, and in written text, alternative solutions using a range of techniques, appropriate technical terms and technology
Develop and communicate alternative solutions, and follow design ideas, using annotated diagrams, storyboards and appropriate technical terms
Producing and implementingSelect, and apply, safe procedures when using a variety of components and equipment to make solutions
Select, and apply, safe procedures when using components and equipment to make solutions
EvaluatingDevelop collaborative criteria to evaluate and justify design processes and solutions
Develop negotiated criteria to evaluate and justify design processes and solutions
Collaborating and managingWork independently, or collaboratively when required, considering resources and safety, to plan, develop and communicate ideas and information for solutions
Work independently, or collaboratively when required, to plan, safely develop and communicate ideas and information for solutions

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