NESA Map: Years 5 & 6

History / Historical skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Comprehension chronology, terms and conceptsrespond, read and write to show understanding of historical matters
sequence historical people and events 
use historical terms and concepts 
Empathetic understandingexplain why the behaviour and attitudes of people from the past may differ from today
Researchidentify and pose questions to inform an historical inquiry 
identify and locate a range of relevant sources to support an historical inquiry 
Explanation and communicationdevelop historical texts, particularly narratives and descriptions, which incorporate source material
use a range of communication forms (oral, written, graphic) and digital technologies. 
Analysis and use of sourceslocate information relevant to inquiry questions in a range of sources 
compare information from a range of sources 

HistoryCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Perspectives and interpretationsidentify different points of view in the past and present 
The Australian coloniesReasons (economic, political and social) for the establishment of British colonies in Australia after 1800
The nature of convict or colonial presence, including the factors that influenced patterns of development, aspects of the daily life of inhabitants (including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples peoples) and how the environment changed 
The impact of a significant development or event on a colony; for example, frontier conflict, the gold rushes, the Eureka Stockade, internal exploration, the advent of rail, the expansion of farming, drought 
The reasons people migrated to Australia from Europe and Asia, and the experiences and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony 
The role that a significant individual or group played in shaping a colony; for example, explorers, farmers, entrepreneurs, artists, writers, humanitarians, religious and political leaders, and Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples 
Australia as a nationKey figures and events that led to Australia's Federation, including British and American influences on Australia's system of law and government 
Experiences of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders, migrants, women and children 
Stories of groups of people who migrated to Australia (including from ONE Asian country) and the reasons they migrated, such as World War II and Australian migration programs since the war 
The contribution of individuals and groups, including Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders and migrants, to the development of Australian society, for example in areas such as the economy, education, sciences, the arts, sport 

Geography / Geographical inquiry skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Acquiring geographical informationdevelop geographical questions to investigate and plan an inquiry  
collect and record relevant geographical data and information, using ethical protocols, from primary data and secondary information sources, for example, by observing, by interviewing, conducting surveys, or using maps, visual representations, statistical sources and reports, the media or the internet  
Processing geographical informationevaluate sources for their usefulness  
represent data in different forms, for example plans, graphs, tables, sketches and diagrams  
represent different types of geographical information by constructing maps that conform to cartographic conventions using spatial technologies as appropriate  
interpret geographical data and information, using digital and spatial technologies as appropriate, and identify spatial distributions, patterns and trends, and infer relationships to draw conclusions  
Communicating geographical informationpresent findings and ideas in a range of communication forms as appropriate 
reflect on their learning to propose individual and collective action in response to a contemporary geographical challenge and describe the expected effects of their proposal on different groups of people 

Geography / Factors that shape placesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Factors that change environmentsinvestigate the ways people change the natural environment in Australia and another country 
Environments shape placesinvestigate how the natural environment influences people and places 
Humans shape placesinvestigate how people influence places 
Bushfire hazardinvestigate the impact of ONE contemporary bushfire hazard in Australia  

Geography / A diverse and connected worldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Diversity across Asiainvestigate the diversity in geographical characteristics within the Asia region  
The world’s cultural diversityinvestigate the world’s cultural diversity, including the culture of indigenous peoples 
Global connectionsinvestigate connections between Australia and other countries of the world  
Connections shape perceptionsinvestigate how connections influence people’s perception and understanding of places 

Personal Development, Health and Physical EducationCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Health, Wellbeing and Relationshipsexamine the influence of emotional responses on behaviour and relationships
practise skills to establish and manage relationships
examine how identity and behaviour are influenced by people, places and the media
examine change and investigate resources and strategies to manage transition and challenges
investigate community resources and ways to seek help about health, safety and wellbeing
Healthy, Safe and Active Lifestylesrecommend appropriate actions to improve health, safety, wellbeing or physical activity issues within the school or wider community
recognise how regular physical activity and movement situations promote enjoyment and positive outcomes for participants
investigate and adopt practices that help promote and maintain health, safety and wellbeing
implement actions to maintain and improve the quality of an active lifestyle
plan and practise assertive responses, behaviours and actions that protect and promote health, safety and wellbeing
examine the role of physical activity in promoting health and wellbeing
evaluate the reliability of health information and messages from different sources before making decisions
examine how a connection to the local community, environment or special places can influence community health and wellbeing
explore how media and people in the community influence personal attitudes, beliefs, decisions and behaviours
acknowledge the cultural significance of physical activity

Science and Technology / Working ScientificallyCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Planning and conducting investigationsreflect on and make suggestions to improve fairness, accuracy and efficacy of a scientific investigation
plan and apply the elements of scientific investigations to answer problems
identify questions to investigate scientific ideas
manage investigations effectively, individually and in groups
manage resources safely
identify potential risks in planning investigations
select appropriate measurement methods, including formal measurements and digital technologies, to record data accurately and honestly
decide which variable(s) is to be changed, measured and kept the same, in fair tests
Questioning and predictingpose testable questions
make and justify predictions about scientific investigations
Processing and analysing datacompare data with predictions
employ appropriate technologies to represent data
construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data
present data as evidence in developing explanations
Communicatingcommunicate ideas, explanations and processes, using scientific representations including multimodal forms

Science and Technology / Design and ProductionCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Identifying and definingdefine a need or opportunity according to functional and aesthetic criteria
examine and critique needs, opportunities or modifications using a range of criteria to define a project
consider availability and sustainability of resources when defining design needs and opportunities
investigate materials, components, tools, techniques and processes required to achieve intended design solutions
examine and determine functional requirements to define a problem
identify data required to formulate algorithms to improve a process
Researching and planningresearch, identify and define design ideas and processes for an audience
consider functional and aesthetic needs in planning a design solution
develop, record and communicate design ideas, decisions and processes using appropriate technical terms
produce labelled and annotated drawings including digital graphic representations for an audience
consider sustainability of resources when researching and planning design solutions
manage projects within time constraints
design, modify and follow simple algorithms
extend sequences of steps to provide a series of possibilities through branching
develop solutions through trialling and refining using iterations
Producing and implementingselect and use tools competently for specific purposes
accurately cut, join, bend and measure a range of selected materials to construct the designed solution
demonstrate safety and sustainability when choosing resources to produce designed solutions, managing constraints and maximising opportunities
develop project plans that consider resources when producing designed solutions individually and collaboratively
implement digital solutions as visual programs involving branching, iteration and user input
work collaboratively to share, appraise and improve ideas to achieve design purposes
identify, organise and perform strategic roles within a group to solve a problem
acquire, store, access and validate different types of data, and use a range of software to present, interpret and visualise data
Testing and evaluatingnegotiate criteria for success, based on defined needs, sustainability and aesthetics
develop appropriate and fair processes to test a designed solution according to criteria
evaluate design ideas, processes and solutions according to criteria for success
explain how students' solutions and existing information systems meet current and future local community needs

Science and Technology / Earth and SpaceCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Earth's place in our solar systemresearch and communicate how Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples use observations of the night sky to inform decisions about resources and significant cultural events
identify that Earth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the Sun)
investigate the role of light energy in how we observe the Sun, Moon and planets
compare the key features of the planets of our solar system
examine and discuss current developments in astronomy, space and planetary science, particularly related to making observations and gathering data
Changes to Earth's surfaceinvestigate the effects of sudden geological changes and extreme weather events on the Earth's surface
investigate ways that advances in science and technology have assisted people to plan for and manage natural disasters to minimise their effect

Science and Technology / Living WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Growth and survival of living thingsplan and conduct a fair test to show the conditions needed for a particular plant or animal to grow and survive in its environment
describe how changing physical conditions in the environment affect the growth and survival of living things
test predictions by gathering data and use evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena
understand that scientific and technological knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions
Adaptations of living thingsdescribe adaptations as existing structures or behaviours that enable living things to survive in their environment
describe the structural and/or behavioural features of some native Australian animals and plants and why they are considered to be adaptations
Sustainably managing environments to source food and fibreexplore examples of managed environments used to produce food and fibre
investigate how and why food and fibre are produced in managed environments
identify and sequence the process of converting 'on-farm' food and fibre products into a product suitable for retail sale
explore plants and animals, tools and techniques used to prepare food to enable people to grow and be healthy
plan, design and produce a healthy meal
explain a sustainable practice used by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander communities to manage food and fibre resources
investigate how people in design and technological occupations address considerations, including sustainability, in the design of products, services and environments for current and future use

Science and Technology / Material WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
States of matterinvestigate and compare the properties of solids, liquids and gases
Mixturesexplore that when materials are combined the result is either a mixture or a new substance
identify that mixtures can be separated using different techniques
Properties of materials determine their useinvestigate characteristics and properties of a range of materials and evaluate the impact of their use
identify and evaluate the functional and structural properties of materials
critique needs or opportunities for designing using sustainable materials
design a sustainable product, system or environment individually and/or collaboratively considering the properties of materials
select appropriate materials, components, tools, equipment and techniques and apply safe procedures to produce designed solutions

Science and Technology / Physical WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Forces and energy in products and systemsdescribe examples where light, sound, heat and electrical energy transform from one type of energy to another
investigate how electrical energy can control movement, sound, or light in a product or system
design, test and evaluate a product or system that involves an energy transformation to meet an identified need using electrical energy
Describing and exploring specific forcesexplore and describe some common contact or non-contact forces
perform a scientific investigation to explore the effects of changing the strength of a single contact or non-contact force
Transfer and transformation of energyidentify different types of energy transformations
investigate how electrical energy can be transferred and transformed in electrical circuits and can be generated from a range of sources

Science and Technology / Digital TechnologiesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnections
Designing Digital Solutionsdefine problems, and plan and implement digital solutions, using an appropriate visual programming language involving branching and iteration, and requiring user input

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