NESA Map: Years 3 & 4

History / Historical skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Comprehension chronology, terms and conceptsrespond, read and write, to show understanding of historical matters
sequence familiar people and events 
use historical terms 
Perspectives and interpretationsidentify different points of view within an historical context
Empathetic understandingexplain how and why people in the past may have lived and behaved differently from today
Researchpose a range of questions about the past 
plan an historical inquiry
Explanation and communicationdevelop texts, particularly narratives 
use a range of communication forms (oral, graphic, written) and digital technologies 
Analysis and use of sourceslocate relevant information from sources provided 

HistoryCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Community and remembranceThe importance of Country and Place to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples who belong to a local area. (This is intended to be a local area study with a focus on one Language group; however, if information or sources are not readily available, another representative area may be studied.) 
ONE important example of change and ONE important example of continuity over time in the local community, region or state/territory 
The role that people of diverse backgrounds have played in the development and character of the local community 
Days and weeks celebrated or commemorated in Australia (including Australia Day, ANZAC Day, Harmony Week, National Reconciliation Week, NAIDOC Week, National Sorry Day) and the importance of symbols and emblems
Celebrations and commemorations in other places around the world; for example, Bastille Day in France, Independence Day in the USA, including those that are observed in Australia, such as Chinese New Year, Christmas Day, Diwali, Easter, Hanukkah, the Moon Festival and Ramadan 
First contactsThe diversity and longevity of Australia's first peoples and the ways Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples are connected to Country and Place (land, sea, waterways and skies) and the implications for their daily lives 
The journey(s) of at least ONE world navigator, explorer or trader up to the late eighteenth century, including their contacts with other societies and any impacts 
Stories of the First Fleet, including reasons for the journey, who travelled to Australia, and their experiences following arrival 
The nature of contact between Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders and others, for example, the Macassans and the Europeans, and the effects of these interactions on, for example, families and the environment 

Geography / Geographical inquiry skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Acquiring geographical informationdevelop geographical questions to investigate  
collect and record relevant geographical data and information, for example, by observing, by interviewing, conducting surveys, or using maps, visual representations, the media or the internet  
Processing geographical informationrepresent data by constructing tables, graphs and maps  
represent information by constructing large-scale maps that conform to cartographic conventions, using spatial technologies as appropriate  
interpret geographical data to identify distributions and patterns and draw conclusions  
Communicating geographical informationpresent findings in a range of communication forms, for example, written, oral, digital, graphic, tabular and visual, and use geographical terminology  
reflect on their learning to propose individual action in response to a contemporary geographical challenge and identify the expected effects of the proposal  

Geography / Places are similar and differentCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
The Australian continent investigate Australia’s major natural and human features  
Australia’s neighboursinvestigate Australia’s neighbouring countries and their diverse characteristics  
Climate of placesinvestigate the climates of different places 
Similarities and differences between placesinvestigate the settlement patterns and demographic characteristics of places and the lives of the people who live there  
Perception and protection of placesinvestigate how the protection of places is influenced by people’s perception of places 

Geography / The Earth's environmentCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Different environments investigate the natural characteristics of Australia and a country in Asia  
Significance of environmentsinvestigate the importance of natural vegetation and natural resources to the environment, animals and people
Perception of environmentsinvestigate the ways people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, value environments  
Protection of environmentsinvestigate sustainable practices that protect environments, including those of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples  

Personal Development, Health and Physical EducationCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Health, Wellbeing and Relationshipsexplore how success, challenge and overcoming adversity strengthens identity
explore strategies to manage physical, social and emotional change
investigate how emotional responses vary in depth and strength
describe and practise ways respect, empathy and valuing diversity can positively influence respectful relationships
make positive contributions to group activities
investigate Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander and other peoples’ cultures and cultural heritages to respect and value diversity
Healthy, Safe and Active Lifestylesdescribe how their own and others’ skills and strategies contribute to healthy and safe outcomes in a variety of situations
recognise their responsibility to contribute to a healthy, safe and active environment for themselves and others
identify and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing
suggest and apply strategies that help to create a healthy, safe and active environment for themselves and others
perform physical activities designed to enhance fitness and discuss the impact of regular participation on health and wellbeing
examine the effects of physical activity on the mind and body
discuss the contextual factors influencing personal choices and decisions around health, safety and physical activity
analyse physical and emotional responses that indicate when they and others feel safe or empowered
explore and build upon strategies that maintain or improve health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples

Science and Technology / Working ScientificallyCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Planning and conducting investigationsparticipate individually and collaboratively with clear roles and goals
reflect on investigations, including whether testing was fair or not
plan scientific investigations with guidance
conduct scientific investigations to find answers to questions
use appropriate materials and equipment safely
consider and apply the elements of fair tests
collect and record accurate, honest observations using labelled observational drawings, basic formal measurements and digital technologies as appropriate
Questioning and predictingidentify and pose questions in familiar contexts that can be investigated scientifically
make predictions based on prior knowledge
Processing and analysing datasuggest possible reasons for findings
compare results with predictions
use a range of methods to represent data, including tables and column graphs
identify patterns and trends in gathered data
Communicatingrepresent and communicate observations, ideas and findings, using formal and informal representations

Science and Technology / Design and ProductionCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Identifying and definingcritique needs or opportunities for designing solutions through evaluating products and processes
consider potential resources in defining design needs and opportunities
investigate and research materials, components, tools and techniques to produce design solutions
define simple problems by determining and defining a process
develop a sequence of steps and decisions (algorithms) to solve a problem
Researching and planningidentify and define a design problem with consideration of practical and aesthetic needs
consider sustainable use of resources and time constraints in planning design solutions
develop, record and communicate design ideas and decisions using appropriate technical terms
produce labelled and annotated drawings including digital graphic representations
Producing and implementingselect appropriate tools for a specific purpose
select and effectively manipulate appropriate materials for a specific purpose
use safe work practices
consider sustainability and constraints when choosing resources and managing time in the production of designed solutions
generate visual programs using algorithms to create simple digital solutions
organise and perform strategic roles within a group to solve a problem
Testing and evaluatingdevelop a set of criteria for success with guidance, based on defined needs and opportunities
develop criteria to evaluate the environmental impact of a design with guidance
devise a fair process to test a designed solution with guidance
evaluate design ideas, processes and solutions, based on criteria for success
explain how existing information systems meet personal, school or community needs

Science and Technology / Earth and SpaceCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
How the Earth's surface changes over timeinvestigate why the Earth's surface changes over time as a result of natural processes and human activity
identify that scientific knowledge helps people understand the effect of their actions
Earth's relationship with the Sunidentify the Sun as a major source of energy
investigate how the Earth's rotation on its axis causes regular changes including night and day
explore the relative sizes and movement of the Earth and the Sun
investigate how changes in the environment are used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples to develop seasonal calendars

Science and Technology / Living WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Classification of living thingscollect data and identify patterns to group living things according to their external features, and distinguish them from non-living things
identify that science involves making predictions and describing patterns and relationships
Life cycles of living thingsidentify that living things have life cycles
conduct an investigation into the life cycle of plants and/or animals
Survival of living thingsdescribe how living things depend on each other and the environment to survive
Producing food and fibre from living thingsinvestigate and compare advancing technologies used in food and fibre production in Australian agriculture and those used in traditional agriculture
investigate food technologies and techniques used to produce healthy food
design, plan and produce a product, system or environment to support the growth of a plant and/or animal that could be used in a healthy meal

Science and Technology / Material WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Materials are used for a specific purposeinvestigate how the properties of natural and processed materials influence their suitability and use in products, services and/or environments
develop a design solution for an identified need or opportunity, using a variety of tools and materials that considers factors such as sustainability and time
identify the roles of people working in science and technology occupations
Changes of stateidentify solids, liquids and gases as states of matter
recognise that a change of state can be caused by adding or removing heat
describe examples of changes of state in everyday life
predict and observe the effects of adding or removing heat on a variety of solids and/or liquids

Science and Technology / Physical WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Energy makes things happen (heat, light and electricity)investigate the behaviour of light
describe the effects of heat energy
explore ways that heat can be transferred due to conduction
explore some common sources and uses of electrical energy and describe different ways electrical energy can be generated sustainably
Contact and non-contact forcesidentify that both pushes and pulls can be classified as contact and non-contact forces
observe how contact and non-contact forces cause changes in the motion of objects
Forces and energy in products and systemsinvestigate how forces and materials interact in a product or system to perform a function

Science and Technology / Digital TechnologiesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Visual Programmingdesign and produce digital solutions using a visual programming language