NESA Map: Years 1 & 2

History / Historical skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Comprehension chronology, terms and conceptssequence familiar objects and events 
distinguish between the past, present and future 
discuss and recount stories of family and local history
Use of sourcesexplore and use a range of sources about the past 
identify and compare features of objects from the past and present 
Perspectives and interpretationsexplore a point of view within an historical context 
Empathetic understandingrecognise that people in the local community may have lived differently in the past
Researchpose questions about the past using sources provided 
Explanation and communicationdevelop a narrative about the past 
use a range of communication forms (oral, graphic, written, role play) and digital technologies. 

HistoryCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Personal and Family Historieshow they, their family and friends commemorate past events that are important to them 
Present and past family lifeDifferences in family structures and roles today, and how these have changed or remained the same over time
Differences and similarities between students' daily lives and life during their parents' and grandparents' childhoods, including family traditions, leisure time and communications 
How the present, past and future are signified by terms indicating time such as 'a long time ago', 'then and now', 'now and then', 'old and new', 'tomorrow', as well as by dates and changes that may have personal significance, such as birthdays, celebrations and seasons 
The past in the presentThe history of a significant person, building, site or part of the natural environment in the local community and what it reveals about the past 
The importance today of an historical site of cultural or spiritual significance; for example, a community building, a landmark, a war memorial 
The impact of changing technology on people's lives 

Geography / Geographical inquiry skillsCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Acquiring geographical informationpose geographical questions  
collect and record geographical data and information, for example, by observing, by interviewing, or using visual representations  
Processing geographical informationrepresent data by constructing tables, graphs or maps  
draw conclusions based on the interpretation of geographical information sorted into categories 
Communicating geographical informationpresent findings in a range of communication forms  
reflect on their learning and suggest responses to their findings  

Geography / Features of placesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Features of places investigate features of places and how they can be cared for 
Weather and seasonsinvestigate the weather and seasons of places 
How places are organisedinvestigate activities that occur within places 

Geography / People and placesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Australian places investigate places across a range of scales within Australia  
Australia’s locationinvestigate Australia’s location in the world  
People’s connections to placesinvestigate people’s connections and access to places  
Local and global connectionsinvestigate connections that people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, have to local and global places  
People's connections to placesinvestigate people's connections and access to places

Personal Development, Health and Physical EducationCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Health, Wellbeing and Relationshipsdescribe their own and others’ strengths and achievements and identify how these contribute to personal identity
describe physical and social changes that occur as children grow older and explore how these are acknowledged by family and community
describe and practise ways to develop caring and respectful relationships and include others to make them feel they belong
identify and practise physical and emotional responses that account for their own and others’ feelings
Healthy, Safe and Active Lifestylesdescribe situations where they are required to make healthy and/or safe decisions
practise strategies they can use to support their own and others’ health, safety and wellbeing
explore actions and opportunities to promote and celebrate healthy, safe and active living
explore health and safety influences that benefit Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures
examine contextual factors that influence their own and others’ decisions and behaviours

Science and Technology / Working ScientificallyCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Planning and conducting investigationsexplore and answer questions through participation in guided scientific investigations
collect data from observations
record observations accurately and honestly using observational drawings, labelling, informal measurements and digital technologies
compare observations with those of others
develop collaboration skills to effectively conduct investigations
make safe choices when using materials and equipment
Questioning and predictingpose questions about familiar objects and events
respond to posed questions
make predictions about possible findings
Processing and analysing datarepresent information using drawings and simple tables, including digital representation methods
use a range of methods to sort and collate information
Communicatingrepresent and communicate observations and ideas in a variety of ways

Science and Technology / Design and ProductionCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Identifying and definingsegment, describe and represent a sequence of steps and decisions (algorithms) needed to solve problems
follow a sequence of steps and decisions (algorithms) to solve problems
recognise needs or opportunities for designing solutions through evaluating products
investigate and explain the needs of an audience in defining a problem
identify technologies and appropriate materials needed to realise designed solutions
Researching and planninggenerate ideas for design solutions for a defined purpose
consider sustainable use of resources in planning design solutions
develop design ideas in response to defined brief
record design ideas using labelled and annotated drawings including simple digital graphic representations
Producing and implementingeffectively manage a variety of tools
manipulate a range of materials for a purpose
consider safety, sustainability and time constraints when producing solutions
segment and sequence steps for making designed solutions
collaborate to develop designed solutions
perform strategic roles within a group to solve a problem
collect, sort, organise and present data to communicate information
Testing and evaluatingexplore how people safely use information systems to meet information, communication and recreation needs
evaluate the success of design ideas, processes and solutions according to a scale of personal preference
identify the positive and negative impact of a design solution within an environment

Science and Technology / Earth and SpaceCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Changes in the sky and on the landobserve, ask questions about and describe changes in objects and events
record the observable changes that occur in the sky and on the land
identify how seasonal changes in our daily lives affect living things
collect data related to short-term weather events and long-term seasonal patterns, to inform others using appropriate communication techniques
Earth's resourcesidentify and explore the use of a variety of Earth's resources including water and soil
identify how Aboriginal Peoples care for Earth's resources on-Country
plan and implement strategies considering conservation of resources to address sustainability and to meet personal and/or community needs

Science and Technology / Living WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
External features of living thingsdescribe the external features of a variety of living things
identify and group plants and animals using their external features
Living things live in different placesidentify that living things live in different places that suit their needs
design and produce an environment to cater for the needs of a living thing
recognise that people use science and technology in their daily lives, including when caring for their environment and living things
Living things changeexplore how living things grow, change and have offspring similar to themselves
record the changes in growth of a common plant or animal, using uniform informal units and appropriate technologies
Plants and animals used for food and fibreidentify some plants and animals that are grown and used for food production
explore the plants and animals used in customary practices of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
explore the tools, equipment and techniques used to prepare food safely and hygienically for healthy eating
investigate ways people use scientific and technological knowledge and skills to sustainably grow plants and animals to produce fibre for clothing and/or shelter

Science and Technology / Material WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Materials can be combined and changedinvestigate how materials can be changed by bending, twisting and stretching
investigate how different materials can be combined
Materials are used for a specific purposeidentify a range of natural materials available locally or through trade used by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples for a specific cultural purpose
design and evaluate a product, demonstrating understanding of the suitability of materials for a purpose

Science and Technology / Physical WorldCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Energy comes in different forms that can be detectedproduce and describe different sounds
explore how the volume and pitch of a sound can be changed
identify sound, light, heat, electricity and movement as forms of energy
explore sound, light and heat from various sources, using the senses
Forces and energy in productsexplore how technologies use forces to create movement in products
design and develop a product that uses one or more forms of energy to create change

Science and Technology / Digital TechnologiesCommunitySustainabilitySocial JusticeCreativityIdentityChangeDiscoveryConnectionsIntroduction
Representation and analysis of dataidentify how data is represented as pictures, symbols and diagrams
Writing and recording sequences and instructionsfollow and represent sequences of steps and decisions (algorithms) to solve problems
test and evaluate the effectiveness of steps and decisions (algorithms) in solving a problem

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